Kumyk Language – 302

Kumyk is a Turkic language spoken by the Kumyk people, primarily in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia, and to a lesser extent in neighbouring regions such as Chechnya and North Ossetia. It belongs to the Kipchak branch of the Turkic language family and has significant influences from Arabic, Persian, and Russian due to historical interactions and the region’s diverse linguistic landscape.

The Kumyk language uses a Cyrillic script for writing, which was adopted in the 20th century, replacing an earlier Arabic script. Efforts to preserve and revitalise Kumyk include its use in education, media, and cultural activities. There are Kumyk-language schools, newspapers, and radio programmes that help maintain the language among the community. Additionally, there are literary works, both traditional and contemporary, that contribute to the richness of Kumyk culture and linguistic heritage. Despite pressures from dominant languages like Russian, Kumyk remains an important marker of ethnic identity for the Kumyk people.

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